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Antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of ten commercially available essential oils

Antibacterial and cytotoxic activities of ten commercially available essential oils

There is a hugef concern in the medical field concerning the emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Essential oils are a source of antibacterial compounds that can overcome this problem.

Ten essential oils that are commercially available were investigated in the present study: ajowan, basil, German chamomile, Chinese cinnamon, coriander, clove, lemongrass, Spanish lavender, oregano and palmarosa. Their direct, synergistic and indirect antibacterial activities were evaluated against different human pathogenic Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains. To evaluate their possible use in clinics, the cytotoxicity of these essential oils was also tested on keratinocyte and epithelial cell lines. Except for the Chinese cinnamon, coriander and lemongrass, all other essential oils presented no cytotoxicity at 32 and 16 µg/mL.

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Evaluation of the bacteriostatic properties of essential oils and their potential applications for food microbiology

The recent multiplication of food scandals has made food safety a major concern for food producers. More than ever, consumers are asking for products that are microbiologically safe and, in the same time, containing less artificial preservatives. The use of small concentrations of essential oils could bring a solution to this dilemma, as some of those “natural additives” already have proven bacteriostatic properties. Essential oils also beneficiate from a very good image, thanks to their numerous properties (antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory) and the fact they have been used by humans for thousands of years. Télécharger l'étude complète

Screening of antifungal and antibacterial activity of 90 commercial essential oils against 10 pathogens of agronomical importance

Nowadays, the demand for a reduction of chemical pesticides use is growing. In parallel, the development of alternative methods to protect crops from pathogens and pests is also increasing. Essential oil (EO) properties against plant pathogens are well known, and they are recognized as having an interesting potential as alternative plant protection products. In this study, 90 commercially available essential oils have been screened in vitro for antifungal and antibacterial activity against 10 plant pathogens of agronomical importance. Télécharger l'étude complète